It is the island of Celestial Aphrodite, where the goddess was worshiped as the goddess of pure love. It was first inhabited in prehistoric times and later developed relations with Minoan Crete. The controversial geographical position became the reason to play an important role in all seasons. It has been the subject of dispute between Athens-Sparta, followed the fate of Eptanisa (Romans-Byzantine) and passed under Venetian occupation. Its peak stopped from pirate disasters (Barbarossa). In the 18th century, it has great economic growth (trade-consulates). After the British occupation (1815-1863) has joined Greece.
Where the three seas merge Aegean, Myrtoo and Ionian, across the southern tip of the Peloponnese, the Cape Malea, are Kythera, one of the largest islands in Greece, a real monument of nature and culture. Here meets the worship of the Celestial Venus with the cult of Panagia Mirtidiotissa. The richness of the natural landscape (mountains-caves-canyons), cultural heritage (Venetian castles – traditional settlements-churches) and the hospitality of residents make Kythira a magical tourist destination of romanticism and inspiration.
The island is also known as Tsirigo.
The scenic Kythira or Chora with the Medieval castle dominates the top of the hill. Inside the castle, the churches of Panagia Mirtidiotissa, Panagia Orfani, Pantokratoras and the Archaeological Museum. Below the castle is the settlement of Chora with elements of Aegean architecture. Kapsali is the seaport of Chora, with significant tourist development. In Gremos, at the entrance of the settlement, is built in a small cave the Church of St. John, where Ioannis o Theologos began to write Apocalypsis before going to Patmos.
Livadi, 4km, a traditional settlement with mansions from the time of the British occupation. Here are the Katouni Stone Bridge, the Monastery of Agia Elesa, the churches of Agios Andreas and Analipsi. Within 10 km. west, after a wonderful route, you reach the Monastery of Panagia Myrtidiotissa, near the west coast. Mylopotamos, a traditional village, surrounded by lush vegetation and plenty of water (15 km from Chora). Here are the monastery of Panagia Orphani, the Venetian Castle, the Hagia Sophia Cave and the waterfall at the location of Fonisa or Neraida. Potamos, the island’s main village, the commercial center of the island (19 km from Chora). Here is the Byzantine church of Agios Theodoros, patron of the island and Agios Dimitrios or Paleochora (9 km from Potamos), which was destroyed in 1537 by Barbarossa and since then, never again has been inhabited… Agia Pelagia, a traditional tourist village and seaport of Potamos in the northwest of the island. Platia Ammos, a holiday resort on the northern end of the island. Inhabitants of the hinterland with remarkable examples of traditional architecture are: Aroniadika, Aloizianika, Friliganika, Pitsinades, Karvounades, Fratsia, Karavas, Kalamos etc. Diakofti (3km NE of Chora) is the new harbor of the island with the crystal clear waters and the islet of Makrykythera. Ablemonas south (26km from the country), with its picturesque bay and the small Venetian fortress. West Paleopoli with the endless beach. Within 8 km. is the Mediterranean village of Mitata with the Tsakona Gorge and the Monastery of Agia Moni (12 km NW).
Paved and passable dirt roads leading to the beaches found all along the coastline.
South side : Kapsali, Chalkos, Vroulea, Feloti, Melidoni.
East side : Firi Ammos, Kombonada, Kaladi, Palaeopolis, Avlemonas, Diakofti, Kaki Lagada, Agia Pelagia, Lorentzou, Kalamitsi, Fournoi and more.
West side : Likodimou, Agios Eleftherios, Limionas, Limnaria.
Kythera is not just for the lovers of the sea. Numerous opportunities await those who love hiking or cycling. Wonderful routes will lead them to springs, streams with watermills and dense vegetation, ravines, caves, monasteries, traditional villages & settlements. The adequate tourist infrastructure, combined with the sense of family hospitality, ensure the visitor has a comfortable and pleasant stay.
The Wine Festival at Mitata in August.
The feasts of Panagia Myrtidiotissa (August 15 and 24), Agia Moni (August 6), Agia Elessa (1 August).
The agricultural-livestock exhibition with local products and a feast in Fratsia in August.
Photographic autumn meetings, etc.
Local products include honey, wine, cheese and local delicacies such as wild goat, beefsteak, “poor pie”, xerotigana, almonds and spoon sweets.